There are several countries that are well known because of the tasty and high-quality coffee they produce. While some may have a worldwide reputation, there are other countries that might come as a surprise. This is because there are around 70 countries that produce coffee, which is thanks to the climate and the conditions that allow coffee trees to grow. In order to learn more about these countries, we decided to share with you the top 5 coffee-producing countries in the world. These countries include Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, and Honduras.
Coffee production is one of the most important elements of their economy, playing an important role since the 18th century. When French settlers brought the plant to the country, it became quite popular among Europeans, which contributed to the drink’s popularity. According to the US Department of Agriculture, Brazil produced over 30% of the world’s coffee, producing more than 3 million tons of coffee in the 2017/2018 crop year alone.
Vietnam is a country that is relatively new to the world of international coffee production. Ever since the 1980s and 1990s, coffee production of the country increased by 20% to 30%, which had a significantly positive impact on their economy. In the 2017/2018 crop year, Vietnam produced 1.76 million tons of coffee. The country has focused on producing robusta beans, which is less expensive and stronger than Arabica beans. Vietnam found its niche, and they have become the no. 1 producer of robusta coffee in the world, being responsible more than 40% of the production of this bean worldwide.
Colombia is another quite popular and recognized country in the world of coffee production. This country produced 864,000 tons of coffee during the 2017/2018 crop year and is renowned for the quality of its coffee. Even when Colombia was affected by heavy rains in 2008 and 2009, which resulted in its crops being affected by a leaf disease, they managed to overcome such situations. This is because Colombia is the second highest-producing country of Arabica beans. This bean is very popular around the world thanks to its mild and well-balanced flavor.
One very important country for the production of coffee is Indonesia, even when it is not really known for its production as other countries. Nonetheless, thanks to its location and climate, Indonesia has become the third largest producer of robusta beans in the world. They produced 636,000 tons of coffee in the 2017/2018 crop year in their 1.5 million independent smallholder farms. One of the most popular specialty coffee Indonesia produces is the Kopi Luwak, which is harvested from the feces of Asian palm civets. Because of the complexity of the process, this is one of the most expensive beans in the world.
There are several countries in Latin America that are very famous for the quality and flavor of their coffee. However, Honduras has managed to become one of the most important producers in the continent, producing 450,000 million tons of coffee during the 2017/2018 crop year. This might change in the future, though, as the majority of producers are struggling with a lack of access to credits and many more are in serious debt.